Syria’s current state reflects a global trend of reactionary politics, where conservative ideologies are re-emerging and progressing. This trend is evident in the rise of right-wing populism in Europe and America, as well as the resurgence of authoritarianism in the Middle East. In Syria, a lack of social progress and the suppression of democratic ideals have led to a reactionary state, fuelled by sectarian divisions and foreign interventions.

The Syrian revolution, initially a democratic uprising, has been hijacked by reactionary forces. This has resulted in a prolonged civil war, marked by a rise in extremist ideologies. The Syrian regime, backed by Russia and Iran, has exploited these divisions to maintain power.

Meanwhile, the international community has shown a lack of commitment to democratic values in Syria. Western powers, while verbally supporting democracy, have largely turned a blind eye to the regime’s atrocities. This has allowed reactionary forces to flourish, undermining the prospect of a democratic Syria.

The return of reactionary politics is not confined to Syria. It is part of a broader global trend that threatens democratic values and social progress. This trend is driven by a variety of factors, including economic inequality, xenophobia, and a backlash against liberal values. The Syrian case illustrates the dangers of this trend, highlighting the need for a renewed commitment to democracy and social progress.

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