ISIS, despite its brutal reputation, has a complex legal system which is meticulously organised and enforced. The group’s legal code, sourced from Islamic law, is communicated via regular publications and videos. ISIS has established courts and appointed judges to adjudicate disputes and implement punishments. This legal structure provides a semblance of order and justice, which helps ISIS to legitimise its rule and maintain control over its population.

ISIS’s legal system also plays a significant role in its recruitment strategy. The promise of a just society, free from corruption, is appealing to those disillusioned with their current governments. However, this legal system is not without its contradictions. While ISIS claims to uphold the principles of Islamic law, it often manipulates these principles to justify its actions, leading to inconsistencies and abuses of power.

These contradictions could potentially be exploited by those seeking to undermine ISIS. Highlighting the discrepancies between ISIS’s legal code and traditional Islamic law could help delegitimise the group in the eyes of its supporters. Yet, this strategy requires a nuanced understanding of Islamic law and the ways in which ISIS distorts it for its own ends.

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