Knowledge management (KM) can be approached as either a guardian or a guide. The guardian perspective seeks to control and protect knowledge within an organisation. This approach emphasises standards, processes, and procedures, with a focus on maintaining the status quo. It can stifle innovation and creativity, as it tends to discourage deviation from established norms.

On the other hand, the guide perspective is more flexible and encourages the exploration of new ideas. It views knowledge as a dynamic entity that should be shared and developed. This approach encourages collaboration, innovation, and the continuous evolution of knowledge. It aims to foster a culture of learning and growth within an organisation.

Both perspectives have their merits and drawbacks. The guardian approach can ensure consistency and reliability, but may limit progress and growth. The guide approach promotes innovation and development, but may lack structure and control. Balancing both perspectives can be beneficial for an organisation. It can provide a stable foundation while also promoting growth and innovation. This balance can be achieved through effective leadership, clear communication, and a supportive organisational culture.

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