The ‘Great Decoupling’ refers to the divergence of business sector profits and GDP, a phenomenon observed since the early 2000s. While GDP growth has been relatively sluggish, business sector profits have skyrocketed. This trend is particularly noticeable in the technology sector, where companies such as Google, Facebook, and Apple have seen exponential growth in profits. The decoupling is largely attributed to the rise of the digital economy, which is less reliant on traditional economic inputs and more on intellectual property.

This decoupling presents challenges for policy makers. Traditional economic measures, such as GDP, may no longer accurately reflect the health of an economy. Instead, a new set of metrics may be needed to account for the increasing importance of the digital economy. Additionally, the divergence of profits and GDP could lead to greater income inequality, as the benefits of economic growth are increasingly concentrated in the hands of a few successful companies.

In the future, it’s expected that the decoupling will continue, with digital economy companies becoming an even larger portion of the overall economy. This shift will necessitate changes in economic policy and measurement to ensure a more equitable distribution of wealth and to accurately assess economic health.

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