War is evolving, with the nature of conflict shifting from traditional battlefields to a more complex, less defined landscape. The concept of war has changed. It is no longer about nations fighting nations, but rather, smaller factions causing disorder within and across borders. This has led to a decline in the number of soldiers and a rise in the number of victims who are civilians.

Modern warfare is now characterised by cyber attacks, drone strikes, and conflicts fought by proxy. The battlefield has expanded to include cyberspace and outer space, with technology playing an increasing role. This shift has also seen the rise of private military contractors, who often operate outside the constraints of international law.

The definition of victory has also changed. Winning a war no longer means capturing territory or toppling governments. Instead, success is measured in terms of minimising damage and managing crises. This has led to a perpetual state of conflict, with no clear end in sight.

The Geneva Conventions, designed for a different era of warfare, are struggling to keep up with these changes. The rules of war need to be updated to reflect the realities of modern conflict. This includes addressing the use of autonomous weapons and ensuring that private military contractors are held accountable for their actions.

The future of warfare is uncertain, but one thing is clear: the way we understand and approach war must change.

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